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Functions of Business Finance

Strength and soundness of business depends on the availability of finance and competency with which it is used. The abundance of finance can do wonders and its scarcity can ruin even a well established business. Finance increases the strength and viability of business. It increases the resistance capacity of a business to face losses and economic depression. It is just like a lubricant, the more it is applied to the business, the quickly the business will move. Following headings explain the importance of finance to business:

(1) Initiating Business: Finance is the first and fore most requirement of every business. It is the starting point of every business, industrial project etc. Whether you start a sole proprietary concern, a partnership firm, a company or a charity institution, you need ample amount of finance. It is equally important for profit seeking and non-profit activities. It is equally important for a multinational organization and for a free dispensary.

(2) Purchase of Assets: Finance is needed to purchase all sorts of assets. Even if credit is available some down payment is to be made. Mostly finance is needed at the start of business for the purchase of fixed assets. These fixed assets consume a large amount of initial investment of the entrepreneur, so he may face liquidity difficulty in running day to day affairs of the business.

(3) Initial Losses: No business attains high profit on the first day of commencement. Some losses are normal before the business reaches its full capacity and generate enough revenue to match cost. Finance is necessary so that these initial losses can be sustained and business can be allowed to progress gradually.

(4) Professional Services: Certain business need services of specialized personnel. Such personnel have rich experience in specialized fields and they can provide useful guidance to make business profitable. Nevertheless these services are costly. Finance is always needed so that services of such professional consultants can be hired.

(5) Development: Business is always exposed to change. New innovations and emergence of new technologies replaces old techniques out of market. So in order to remain in the market, it is needed to keep the business well equipped with all emerging tools and techniques. This required finance. New technology is always expensive as it is better than others. So finance is needed to purchase new equipment and keep the business running.

(6) Information Technology: Information technology has now changed the geography of the business battle field. The home markets have now extended virtually to other comers of the world. The whole world can be your customer or competitor. To face such a fierce competition, IT is needed. Skills and competency in IT can perform miracles. But finance is again the decisive factor. It is very much needed to incorporate expensive IT products in the business.

(7) Media War: The advertisement and promotion have now become a vital elements for the success of business. The way a businessman approaches a customer and convinces him to purchase his product has become more important than the quality of product. With advertisement on International media, a businessman can reach the minds of millions of people around the globe. However, advertisement is a luxury which every business can’t afford. Huge finance is required to meet advertisement expenses.

(8) Resource Management: Finance is very essential for efficient resource management. Resources here include capital and human resources. Maintenance of plant and equipment and training of employees all need finance. Establishment of new industrial units, expansion of plant capacity, hiring of well learned skilful laborers – all
these factors can lead to huge revenue but at the first place they need finance to start with.

(9) Stock Investments: These investments are those which are made to hold ample stock of raw materials in hand. Bulk purchase of raw materials is profitable in a sense that purchase discount can be attained and there is no danger of production halts. So companies most often hold huge amount of stocks and raw materials. But such an investment can be made only if a company has sufficient capital or finance to carry out its daily operation easily besides holding huge stock.

(10) Combating Risks: Everything is exposed to one or more risks. A business is also exposed to variety of risks. These risks include natural hazards, burden of any huge liability, loss of market or brand name etc. Finance is needed to make business powerful, so that it can sustain occasional losses and liabilities.

Managing Your Small Business Finances

Only 40 percent of smaller independently owned and operated businesses survive for five years or more, according to the U.S. Small Business Association. The Federation of Independent Business (NFIB) reports that only 39 percent of these independent businesses are profitable.

If you want your business to succeed, you’ll have to learn how to manage your business finances.

Poor business financial management is one of the top reasons businesses fail. Managing your personal finances can be challenging, and managing your business finances is even more challenging. But if you can’t collect, track and save your money appropriately, you’ll be risking your profitability and success.

Improve Your Business Financial Management

Be proactive. Applying sound business principles to all of your decisions will help ensure your company’s success and longevity. Don’t rely solely on your accountant, bookkeeper, financial planner or banker. Keep all your records up-to-date, learn the basic principles of small business finance, and apply them on a daily basis.

Collections: The First Step to Good Business Finances

Credits and Collections: Determine if you should accept credit cards, and other forms of payments, and learn the best methods for quickly and efficiently collecting debts. Find out how alternative payments, such as trading products and services, or factoring, can positively or negatively affect your business.
Tracking: The Second Step to Good Business Finances
Basic Bookkeeping: Learn how to record your daily transactions, generate financial statements, and work with your accountant on a regular basis – or do it yourself with any one of the many financial management tools that are available today.
Cash Flow Management: Learn to manage your cash and liquid assets by assessing and projecting your needs. Always look for ways to increase your income and reduce your expenses.
Trend Forecasting: Identify positive and negatives factors that can help you manage your business finances more efficiently over time. Write these down and make sure you check them periodically.
Other Important Areas for Good Business Financial Management
Banking: Learn which type of savings and checking accounts are best suited to your needs.
Investing: Learn how to maximize the return on your surplus cash by choosing the best investments.
Evaluating: Evaluate expensive potential capital investments, like equipment, facilities and more

Changes For Business Finance and Working Capital Loan Programs

As business owners develop their small business loan plans for future financing and refinancing throughout the United States, there is an increasing awareness that there have been significant business finance changes that cannot be ignored. Some of these measures are likely to end up being permanent, and even the temporary commercial mortgage loan and working capital loan changes are expected to be in place for an extended time due to the severity of the current financial climate.

A reduction in commercial lenders as well as stricter standards for acquiring commercial loans and commercial mortgages has been the net result from business finance changes. Unfortunately there has also been no shortage of misinformation about the availability of commercial funding.

A significant reduction in business lending activity overall is perhaps the most dramatic change. This has been due to several events occurring almost simultaneously. Several major commercial lenders have gone out of business altogether. Many banks have stopped commercial finance lending while continuing consumer lending. Numerous business lenders have enacted stricter standards for the commercial financing transactions they are still willing to consider.

It remains to be seen how many changes will be permanent or temporary. But from a practical perspective, commercial borrowers are left with no choice but to adapt to the changing business finance environment. Business owners must be prepared to operate within a more complicated climate for commercial mortgage loans and small business loans regardless of how long the changes might be kept in place.

What should borrowers do about this? A primary option that business owners should explore involves looking beyond their local market area for help with commercial loans. To accomplish this, it should be helpful to contact a commercial financing expert operating throughout the United States.

In addition to fewer business lenders to choose from, there are two other significant changes which must be anticipated by business owners before seeking new commercial loans. First, more collateral for virtually all business finance funding is being demanded by many commercial lenders. Second, most lenders have cancelled or are about to eliminate unsecured lines of credit (usually called working capital loans) for many businesses.

One effective commercial financing strategy for overcoming the combined obstacles of more collateral, fewer lenders and reduced unsecured credit lines is to consider business cash advance programs based on future credit card processing transactions. This is proving to be one of the few sources of business funding that has not been adversely impacted by recent events. To learn more, it will be advisable to discuss the potential with a business finance expert who can provide advice about business cash advances as well as other small business financing solutions.

It is increasingly obvious that many banks will continue to modify their business lending programs in response to changing conditions. This means that another key change issue for working capital financing and commercial mortgages is the likelihood that more changes will be forthcoming in the near future.

To adequately prepare for future commercial finance changes that might (or might not) occur is a daunting task for a business owner. A commercial financing expert familiar with Plan B contingency financing for small business loans will prove to be a valuable resource for any borrower wanting to seriously deal with both current and future changes impacting the financial health of their business. By having a candid conversation with a commercial loan expert, business owners should be more capable of implementing an appropriate strategy for the vast changes which have recently occurred or are about to become effective for most business financing and working capital finance funding.